In 1124, Otto V, count of Scheyern (died 1155), removed the residence of his family to Wittelsbach and called himself by this name. Inescutcheon, Bavaria. Also since the 19th century the Jacobite rights to the throne of England have been passed to the Wittelsbach family. A full armorial of the Wittelsbach family can be found on the French-language Wikipedia at Armorial of the House of Wittelsbach. Maximilian was married twice. In 1620, the Elector Palatine Frederick V, a Protestant, was defeated after trying to take the kingdom of Bohemia. Today the connection of these two developments is regarded as a main cause for the unspectacular end of the Bavarian kingdom without opposition in the course of the November revolution of 1918. His regency was marked by a coldness to the Prussians mostly due to the anti-Catholic policy of Bismarck. Thanks! Württemberg was bordered by Baden and Bavaria in the east. Her grandfather, Alfred 2nd Prince of Montenuovo, became 1st Obersthofmeister at the Habsburg court of Emperor Franz Joseph in Austria and maintained court etiquette. He is childless and his brother Prince Max (born 1937) is his heir. When Franz turned 70 in 2003 all 3000 guests accepted his birthday invitation, which just goes to show the high esteem the Bavarian population and dignitaries hold him. The Wittelsbach Emperor Louis IV acquired Brandenburg (1323), Tyrol (1342), Holland, Zeeland and Hainaut (1345) for his House but he had also released the Upper Palatinate for the Palatinate branch of the Wittelsbach in 1329. In 1939 Crown Prince Rupprecht and his wife and children moved to Italy due to their opposition to Nazism. Otto was however allowed to keep the title “King of Bavaria” until he died 3 years later, which means that there were 2 Kings of Bavaria in that period. In 1685, the Simmern line died out, and the Catholic Philip William, Count Palatine of Neuburg inherited the Palatinate (and also Duke of Jülich and Berg). Due to the unexpected death of Joseph Ferdinand in 1699 the Wittelsbach did not come to power in Spain, leaving the Spanish Succession uncertain again. En 1648, le fils de Frédéric V recupère une partie des terres paternelles, le titre d'électeur, confisquées en 1623, et la charge d'archi-trésorier du Saint-Empire. [15], Per pale, I quarterly 1 sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules (county palatine of the Rhine), 2 fusilly bendwise azure and argent (Bavaria), 3 argent, a lion azure armed, langued and crowned or (Veldenz), 4 or, a fess chequy of three rows argent and gules (de la Marck), II per fess, the chief tierced in pale, the base per pale: 1, or, a lion sable, armed and langued gules (Juliers), 2 gules, an escutcheon argent, surmounted by an escarbuncle with rays or (Cleves), 3 argent, a lion gules, queue fourchée in saltire, armed, langued and crowned or (Berg); 4 argent, three chevrons gules (Ravensberg), 5 argent, a fess sable. With the death of Charles' son Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria the Bavarian branch died out in 1777. Overall gules, a crown of Charlemagne or (Arch-treasurer of the Holy Roman Empire). The family castle of the counts of “Leonberg” which was destroyed in the 16th century, stood in the present-day parish of Marktl, a village in Altwies, high above the River Inn, in the vicinity of which today is the village of Leonberg. [4] The republican movement thereupon declared a republic. By the late 18th century Wittelsbach rule was split to the Palatinate (on the French border) and Bavaria. Their 1st son and heir, Ludwig II (1846-1886), is today remembered for being a patron of Wagner, his castle building including Neuschwanstein, and his mysterious death by drowning at one of his castles after he was forced to leave the throne. Only those chosen were permitted to use the sought-after title and display the royal crest in their company's own mark. The House of Wittelsbach split into these two branches in 1329: Under the Treaty of Pavia, Emperor Louis IV granted the Palatinate including the Bavarian Upper Palatinate to his brother Duke Rudolf's descendants, Rudolf II, Rupert I and Rupert II. By the end of the Napoleonic wars the parts of the Palatinate that were not split and given to neighboring Baden, was incorporated into the then recently created Kingdom of Bavaria with the Palatinate ruler ruling over the whole Kingdom. Charles XII was a skilled military leader and tactician. The house of Palatinate of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg as heir to the Swedish throne ruled simultaneously the duchy of Bremen-Verden (1654–1719). Il paraît logique de penser qu'il ajoute l'écu de cette charge sur ses armes. The family initially left Germany for Hungary, but were eventually arrested. Sophie will one day inherit the Jacobite rights after her uncle and father die. Important grouping of the Bavarian royal family. Throughout history, members of the royal house have reigned as: Dukes of Merania (1153–1180/82), Dukes, Electors and Kings of Bavaria (1180–1918), Counts Palatine of the Rhine (1214–1803 and 1816–1918), Margraves of Brandenburg (1323–1373), Counts of Holland, Hainaut and Zeeland (1345–1432), Elector-Archbishops of Cologne (1583–1761), Dukes of Jülich and Berg (1614–1794/1806), Kings of Sweden (1441–1448 and 1654–1720) and Dukes of Bremen-Verden (1654–1719). It was the second term for the rule of the House of Wittelsbach in Sweden since 1448 when Christopher III of the Palatinate branch was king of Denmark, Sweden and Norway. His 1st marriage (1930) to Countess Maria Draskovich of Trakostjan (1904-1969) of a noble Croatian family, proved contentious (for the first few years) as his father only accepted the marriage as equal in 1949. Their oldest son Franz (born 1933) is the current head of the family and lives in an apartment at Schloss Nymphenburg. At this point, tracing the claim becomes impossible as the same branch of the Wittelsbach became heir to both thrones, and a subsequent monarch or pretender should have issued a renunciation to one of the two thrones, which none did. However, although he was also skilled as a politician, he was reluctant in making peace. The late Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria (1869-1955) strongly discouraged supporters in the United Kingdom from making claims on his behalf. It is interesting to note that the Pope also issued a decree to dissolve the marriage. For other uses, see, Bavaria and Palatinate within the Holy Roman Empire, Palatinate branch (senior line), issue of Rudolph I of the Palatine and Bavaria, Bavarian branch (junior branch), issue of Louis of Bavaria, extinct by 1777, harv error: no target: CITEREFLouda1981 (. He was placed under the ban of the Empire and his lands, titles and electoral dignity were confiscated and given to his Roman Catholic cousin, the Duke of Bavaria, who takes: Quarterly 1 and 4 fusilly in bend, azure and argent, 2 and 3 sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules, overall gules, an orb crucifer or. The Royal Family also plays an important role in recognising and supporting the work of the Armed Services. Check out our bavarian royal selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. A younger son, John III, became Bishop of Liège. Just like his father he was widowed twice and greatly respected by a number of Bavarians. Crown Prince Rupert earned Hitler's eternal enmity by opposing the Beer Hall Putsch in 1923. The country has strict laws that forbid citizens and the Thai press from insulting and reporting on embarrassing details about the family. It instituted a semi-salic order with an important rule preventing the union of the crown on the same head with any other crown, especially that of Bavaria. Luitpold married Katrin Beatrix Wiegand in 1979, and initially, the marriage was considered morganatic but by 1999 the marriage was decreed to conform to the Bavarian house laws. With the Landshut War of Succession Bavaria was reunited in 1505 against the claim of the Palatinate branch under the Bavarian branch Bavaria-Munich. As the Bavarian Royal family follows Salic law the succession will pass to the descendants of Rupprecht’s brother Franz (1875-1957). Otto had abdicated the Hungarian throne by 1308. The Bavarian Royal Family HRH Max-Emanuel Ludwig Maria, The Duke in Bavaria (~) ... wonder what the deposed royal houses think of the current royal houses and all the scandals and lack of a suitable royal marriages in today society. The new king still served as a Prince-elector until the Kingdom of Bavaria left the Holy Roman Empire (1 August 1806). Charles was succeeded to the Swedish throne by his sister, Ulrika Eleonora. [17], Quarterly, a cross paty or, which is the cross of Saint Eric, cantonned 1 and 4, azure, three crowns or, two and one (Sweden moderne), 2 and 3 azure, three bars wavy argent, a lion crowned or, armed and langued gules (Sweden ancien). Wittelsbach princes served for example as Bishops of Regensburg, Freising, Liège, Münster, Hildesheim, Paderborn and Osnabrück, and as Grand Masters of the Teutonic Order. Overall quarterly Bavaria, Juliers, Cleves and Berg, inescutcheon sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules (County palatine of the Rhine). She was the sister of Queen Elisabeth of Belgium and a niece of Empress Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria, Frederick V, Elector Palatine, King of Bohemia, Stefan, Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken, Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld, Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, Count Palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken, Louis V, Margrave of Brandenburg, Duke of Bavaria and Count of Tyrol, Albert I, Duke of Bavaria, Count of Holland and Hainaut, Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut and Holland, Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein, Christopher of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, Electoral Palatinate, County Palatine of the Rhine, List of coats of arms with the Palatine Lion, https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=NgKqDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT246&lpg=PT246&dq=sophia+of+hanover+member+house+of+wittelsbach&source=bl&ots=-XbNZr_gp9&sig=ACfU3U210M5PHizJk8_ksM5vyfeak0TYQw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjrh9Xy0PrpAhUXhlwKHekfBlo4ChDoATAIegQIChAB#v=onepage&q=sophia%20of%20hanover%20member%20house%20of%20wittelsbach&f=false, Germany: Bavaria: Heads of State: 1806–1918, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/george_i_king.shtml, "The Succession Laws of the Greek Monarchy", Archived website about the Royal Family of Bavaria, Haus Bayern – Wittelsbacher Ausgleichsfonds, "Genealogy of the House of Wittelsbach from Genealogy.eu", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=House_of_Wittelsbach&oldid=998584186, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from May 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from June 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 02:05. The Wittelsbach Conrad of Scheyern-Dachau, a great-grandson of Otto I, Count of Scheyern became Duke of Merania in 1153 and was succeeded by his son Conrad II. [9][19], Azure, a cross couped argent, inescutcheon Bavaria.[20]. Under the terms of the succession law, a Wittelsbach claim to the throne would have passed on Otto's death in 1867 to his younger brother Luitpold, who was regent of Bavaria from 1886 to 1912; and after him to Ludwig who became king Ludwig III of Bavaria in 1913. After Rupprecht died the royal sceptre and crown from the Bavarian State Museum were placed on his coffin. Monarchism in Bavaria after 1918 was driven by the belief that a monarchy would be the best form of government for the German state of Bavaria, despite the abolition of the Bavarian monarchy in 1918.The Bavarian monarchy ended with the declaration of a Bavarian Republic, after the Anif declaration by King Ludwig III on 12 November 1918 as a consequence of Germany's defeat in the First World War. The politics of Greece of this era was based on affiliations with the three Great Powers, and Otto's ability to maintain the support of the powers was key to his remaining in power. Electoral Palatinate, County Palatine of the Rhine from 1215 to 1623. The marriage was happy and produced 13 children. The Wittelsbachs lost the Tyrol with the death of duke Meinhard and the following Peace of Schärding – the Tyrol was finally renounced to the Habsburgs in 1369. Today, under the Bill of Rights 1689 and the Act of Settlement 1701, the line of succession to the throne stems from the Protestant descendants of Sophia (1630–1714) from the House of Wittelsbach. This due to the fact that the trip to Sarajevo was one of the few official ceremonies where Sophie officially accompanied her husband. Joseph Ferdinand, a son of Maximilian II Emanuel, was the favored choice of England and the Netherlands to succeed as the ruler of Spain, and young Charles II of Spain chose him as his heir. 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