They celebrate the dance festivals of Kelangma popularly known Chyabrung (two-sided drum) and Yarakma (Paddy dance) as major events. The religion, language, culture and dress patterns of the Thudams conform more to the Walungs, rather than the Shingsabas. This awesome trekking trip offers everything from fascinating, ancient Kathmandu to a rafting experience on the Seti River and game-watching in Chitwan. Reserve your spot today! Nepal is a multiethnic and multicultural country that has 104 ethnic groups and 92 languages. Mahabir and Thakur are their ancestral deities. Click one of our member below to chat on. The Bhuji area in Baglung is considered as the ancestral place of the Bhujels. And 90 percent of these languages are spoken by Indigenous Peoples. In the case of the first two groups, the direction of their migration and Nepal’s landscapes appeared to have led to their vertical distribution; most ethnic groups were found at particular altitudes. They produce weat, paddy and potato, and raise sheep, yaks and horses, They carry out cross-border trade with Tibet Autonomous Region of China. They mainly practice Buddhism. Because of their adherence to the Kirant religion, they are considered closer to the Rais. Kusundas are probably the most endangered species of the aboriginal ethnic groups of Nepal They prefer to live separately and alienated from other people. In Makwnapur, they live in Betani and Kulekhani. Kumals are found in large numbers in the districts of Dolkha, Dhading, Sankhuwasabha, Palpa and Parbat. their main occupation is farming, and Tharus enjoy many similarities with the agro-based Jyapus of the Kathamandu Valley. Their Toranlha festival coincides with the Fagu Purnima. Their facial features subscribe to some lesser Mongoloid strains. Byasis conduct the trade between Taklakot in Tibet and Darchula. They both profess Buddhism and shamanism. They represent perhaps the greatest synchronism of the Tibetian and Indian traditions of any Nepal's ethinic groups and also incorporate aspects of aninism. However, organizations of indigenous peoples claim a figure of more than 50%. Newars maintained their unique kingdom even during the various reigns of the Gopala, Kirat, Licchavi and Malla dynasties. Their major festival is called Dhhyoula. Get the answers you need, now! Nepal is a very very diversified country which homes people of multiple religions, race, tribes, and culture. As mentioned above, the Hindus have a caste, which is revealed by their last name. Various native ethnic groups inhabit scattered in many places of Nepal. Their ancestral and original stronghold spans from Arun River in Nepal to the Kingdom of Sikkim in the east. Since 16 years, Nepal Visitors has been making its mark as a reputed travel guide and a destination management expert. they practice both Buddhism and Hinduism. Nepal’s population is estimated to be around 26 million. The analysis indicates a clear conflict between so called economic viability and ethnic based federalism. The largest indigenous group in the country of Nepal is the Magars, who make up over seven percent of the population. I am not qualified as an expert, but these are my thoughts after spending nearly 30 years speaking to the elders of various communities in the country. Girls are eloped for marriage in this community. Gurungs are predominantly Buddhist. There is also a lot of “fusion” elements of both that is commonly seen in Nepal. Like the Kusundas, the Chepangs also shun farming and prefer to forage for tubers for their food. Kumals: Kumals are found in large numbers in the districts of Dolkha, Dhading, … Ghale is an address befitting high ruling class. Hyolmos also have close cultural and linguistic affinities with the inhabitants of the Kerung and Rongsyar areas of Tibet Autonomous Region of China. They are indigenous of the dense forests in the districts of Dailekh, Jajarkot, Surkhet, Salyan, Achham, Jumla, Darchula and Baitadi. Negroid or bury their dead. Nepal’s population is made up of a complex mosaic of different ethnic, caste and regional identities. Most of the Rajbanshis bury their dead but now-a-days some of them have adopted cremation formalities. In 2011, The Nepalese government mentioned that there are 123 mother tongues/languages. 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The indigenous people makeup about 35.81% of the total population of Nepal and very diverse within themselves too. Their culture is similar to that of Tibetan society, and they have a Mongoloid appearance. They are fond of buckwheat delicacies. Large numbers of Magars live in Palpa, Tanahu, Myagdi, Pyuthan and Rolpa. Dolpos practice polyandry, and their language and dress choices are similar to the Lhopas and Tibetans. It is mandatory for the second son to be a monk. The population in 1997 was just over 22.6 million. The word limbu means an archer, or bearer of bow and arrows. Short in stature, round in face and stout in build, Rais are expert in farming and textile weaving. They are at present engaged in farming. Olangchungola is locally known as Walung, which is comprised of the five major settlements of Olangchungola, Yangma, Ghunsa, Lungthung, Lelep and other six or seven minor inhabitations. Certain ethnic groups in Nepal are categorised according to their occupation. Jirels are mostly concentrated in the villages of Jiri and Jugu of the Dolkha district. Baramos are from Gorkha while they are also found in Dhading, Makwanpur and Lalitpur and Tanahu districts. Newars have their own language, called Nepal Bhasha, which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman family. The Sherpas settled in Nepal between 600-700 years ago, and other ethnic groups’ migration has continued over the centuries. Nepali (ethnicity) - definition of Nepali (ethnicity) by The Free Dictionary. According to linguists, the Souka language is somewhat close to the Magar language. Many ethnic groups of this region speak languages that are Sanskrit in origin, coming from the Indo-Iranian language families. These facts make the Magars as one of the most pervasive ethnic groups of Nepal. According to the regions of their inhabitation, each respective Tharu clan has its own ethnic identity, dialect and culture. They also have a staggering 14 dialects within their ethnic group. There are 12 Karan consisting of the 13 villages of Mugu, Dolphu, Maha, Chyute, Krimi, Mangri, Wongri, Katick and Daura and another village of Mugu where Mugalis live. Some Kusundas call themselves Chhatyals. Though having Mongoloid features-they consider themselves as a branch of the Kirants-their language is akin to Bengali and Assamese. Gurungs call themselves Tamu. Marrigae takes between these two communities. The Kisans have their own king. Chhairottans are Buddhists though they also practice shamanism. Sherpas are Buddhist. They strongly resemble the Tharus in their ways of life, language and dress patterns. In the Nepal hill and mountain areas the middle rank was accorded to the existing indigenous There are many cultural and religious heritages and sites in Nepal. They share physical characteristics and ways of life with the Tharus, Danuwars, Darais, Majhis and Botes. the ruling families have been of Indo-Aryan and Hindu background. Thamis are mainly found in Susma, Chhamawati, Khepachagu, Alamyu, Bigu, Kalinchok, Lapilang and Lakuri Danda villages of Dolkha District. Their faith is onshrined in the evergreen Cynodondactylon (Dubo) grass the rocks. Tangbes were traditionally salt traders. Their language is a variant of the Tibeto-Bueman family. The second dominant group consisted of Tibeto-Mongol origin communities, occupying the higher elevations from the east to the west. a country roughly the size of US state of Arkansas is rich in diversity, culture and the way of life. Those with Indo-Aryan ancestry, especially the Pahāṛī (including the Chhetree, the Brahman-Hill, and others), have enjoyed great prestige in Nepal for centuries. 1)    Chudamani is half-correct, as Adhikari is one of the many clans within the Brahmin caste. The indigenous people found in and around the sacred Buddhist temple of Muktinath (the temple is popularly known as Chhume Gyatsa in the Tibetan speaking world) are also included among the Bahara Gaunles. Nepal is a very diverse country in the world. Nepalese society was ethnically diverse and complex in the early 1990s, ranging in phenotype (physical characteristics) and culture from the Indian to the Tibetan. The ancestral god of the Soukas of Rolpa is Namjung, who is a principal deity of Bon. The northern part of the country is inhabited by Limbu, Rai, and Mongoloid people while the Sherpa and Lama people inhabit the … Lepchas presently live in the Ilam District of Nepal, and in Sikkim, Darjeeling and Kalimpong of India. Paharis have their own Pahari language, which is quite akin to the Tamang and Newar languages. But will, in fact, particular ethnic groups have a majority in any province that may be named after them? Tourism, trade and farming are the major occupation of the Sherpas. Their language is Dravidian, and their script is Uraun. The Nepalese have many racial, cultural, and linguistic similarities to the people of northern India. Research scholars opine that the Sen kings and Thakuris of the Magrant districts are also Magars. Rank Caste/ethnic groups Population Percentage composition 1 Chhetri: 4,398,053 16.60% 2 Hill Brahman/Bahun: 3,226,903 12.18% 3 Magar: 1,887,733 7.12% 4 Tharu: 1,737,470 6.56% 5 They address the Buddhist Lama as Pomba and the shaman as Phomba. Chhairottans are considered the inhabitants of the Chhairo village, one of the Panch Gaun villages of the Mustang district. The districts of Dang and Surkhet are the native strongholds of the Rajis. Other Sherpa influences are also evident in the Jirels’ lifestyle. What’s the largest caste/ethnicity in Nepal? 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