They celebrate the dance festivals of Kelangma popularly known Chyabrung (two-sided drum) and Yarakma (Paddy dance) as major events. The religion, language, culture and dress patterns of the Thudams conform more to the Walungs, rather than the Shingsabas. This awesome trekking trip offers everything from fascinating, ancient Kathmandu to a rafting experience on the Seti River and game-watching in Chitwan. Reserve your spot today! Nepal is a multiethnic and multicultural country that has 104 ethnic groups and 92 languages. Mahabir and Thakur are their ancestral deities. Click one of our member below to chat on. The Bhuji area in Baglung is considered as the ancestral place of the Bhujels. And 90 percent of these languages are spoken by Indigenous Peoples. In the case of the first two groups, the direction of their migration and Nepal’s landscapes appeared to have led to their vertical distribution; most ethnic groups were found at particular altitudes. They produce weat, paddy and potato, and raise sheep, yaks and horses, They carry out cross-border trade with Tibet Autonomous Region of China. They mainly practice Buddhism. Because of their adherence to the Kirant religion, they are considered closer to the Rais. Kusundas are probably the most endangered species of the aboriginal ethnic groups of Nepal They prefer to live separately and alienated from other people. In Makwnapur, they live in Betani and Kulekhani. Kumals are found in large numbers in the districts of Dolkha, Dhading, Sankhuwasabha, Palpa and Parbat. their main occupation is farming, and Tharus enjoy many similarities with the agro-based Jyapus of the Kathamandu Valley. Their Toranlha festival coincides with the Fagu Purnima. Their facial features subscribe to some lesser Mongoloid strains. Byasis conduct the trade between Taklakot in Tibet and Darchula. They both profess Buddhism and shamanism. They represent perhaps the greatest synchronism of the Tibetian and Indian traditions of any Nepal's ethinic groups and also incorporate aspects of aninism. However, organizations of indigenous peoples claim a figure of more than 50%. Newars maintained their unique kingdom even during the various reigns of the Gopala, Kirat, Licchavi and Malla dynasties. Their major festival is called Dhhyoula. Get the answers you need, now! Nepal is a very very diversified country which homes people of multiple religions, race, tribes, and culture. As mentioned above, the Hindus have a caste, which is revealed by their last name. Various native ethnic groups inhabit scattered in many places of Nepal. Their ancestral and original stronghold spans from Arun River in Nepal to the Kingdom of Sikkim in the east. Since 16 years, Nepal Visitors has been making its mark as a reputed travel guide and a destination management expert. they practice both Buddhism and Hinduism. Nepal’s population is estimated to be around 26 million. The analysis indicates a clear conflict between so called economic viability and ethnic based federalism. The largest indigenous group in the country of Nepal is the Magars, who make up over seven percent of the population. I am not qualified as an expert, but these are my thoughts after spending nearly 30 years speaking to the elders of various communities in the country. Girls are eloped for marriage in this community. Gurungs are predominantly Buddhist. There is also a lot of “fusion” elements of both that is commonly seen in Nepal. Like the Kusundas, the Chepangs also shun farming and prefer to forage for tubers for their food. Kumals: Kumals are found in large numbers in the districts of Dolkha, Dhading, … Ghale is an address befitting high ruling class. Hyolmos also have close cultural and linguistic affinities with the inhabitants of the Kerung and Rongsyar areas of Tibet Autonomous Region of China. They are indigenous of the dense forests in the districts of Dailekh, Jajarkot, Surkhet, Salyan, Achham, Jumla, Darchula and Baitadi. Negroid or bury their dead. Nepal’s population is made up of a complex mosaic of different ethnic, caste and regional identities. Most of the Rajbanshis bury their dead but now-a-days some of them have adopted cremation formalities. In 2011, The Nepalese government mentioned that there are 123 mother tongues/languages. Mt Everest new height revealed, stands at 8848.86m, Lonely Planet names Nepal’s Annapurna Circuit among top 10 places on the planet, Bahrain Prince Successfully Scale Mt Manaslu (8,163 meter) during Covid-19, Suman Pandey Elected Secretary/Treasurer of PATA, The government is planning to open domestic flights from September 17, Lonely Planet ranks Nepal’s Everest base camp as 4th best trek in the world, Domestic & International flights to resume from August 17 in Nepal, NTB proposes Nepal-India tourism taskforce, Two bodies found in Nepal search for missing South Koreans, Sri Lankan Airlines evacuates 76 students from Nepal, China-Nepal border point to boost trade, tourism, Top 5 Nepal Tour Itinerary | Popular Nepal Sightseeing Packages. The 5 most populous caste or ethnic groups in Kathmandu. The Shingsa region is where the Arun River enters Nepal from Tibet, and is situated to the north of the district of Sankhuwasabha. Kushbadias are also known as Kuhbadias. The indigenous people makeup about 35.81% of the total population of Nepal and very diverse within themselves too. Their culture is similar to that of Tibetan society, and they have a Mongoloid appearance. They are fond of buckwheat delicacies. Large numbers of Magars live in Palpa, Tanahu, Myagdi, Pyuthan and Rolpa. Dolpos practice polyandry, and their language and dress choices are similar to the Lhopas and Tibetans. It is mandatory for the second son to be a monk. The population in 1997 was just over 22.6 million. The word limbu means an archer, or bearer of bow and arrows. Short in stature, round in face and stout in build, Rais are expert in farming and textile weaving. They are at present engaged in farming. Olangchungola is locally known as Walung, which is comprised of the five major settlements of Olangchungola, Yangma, Ghunsa, Lungthung, Lelep and other six or seven minor inhabitations. Certain ethnic groups in Nepal are categorised according to their occupation. Jirels are mostly concentrated in the villages of Jiri and Jugu of the Dolkha district. Baramos are from Gorkha while they are also found in Dhading, Makwanpur and Lalitpur and Tanahu districts. Newars have their own language, called Nepal Bhasha, which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman family. The Sherpas settled in Nepal between 600-700 years ago, and other ethnic groups’ migration has continued over the centuries. Nepali (ethnicity) - definition of Nepali (ethnicity) by The Free Dictionary. According to linguists, the Souka language is somewhat close to the Magar language. Many ethnic groups of this region speak languages that are Sanskrit in origin, coming from the Indo-Iranian language families. These facts make the Magars as one of the most pervasive ethnic groups of Nepal. According to the regions of their inhabitation, each respective Tharu clan has its own ethnic identity, dialect and culture. They also have a staggering 14 dialects within their ethnic group. There are 12 Karan consisting of the 13 villages of Mugu, Dolphu, Maha, Chyute, Krimi, Mangri, Wongri, Katick and Daura and another village of Mugu where Mugalis live. Some Kusundas call themselves Chhatyals. Though having Mongoloid features-they consider themselves as a branch of the Kirants-their language is akin to Bengali and Assamese. Gurungs call themselves Tamu. Marrigae takes between these two communities. The Kisans have their own king. Chhairottans are Buddhists though they also practice shamanism. Sherpas are Buddhist. They strongly resemble the Tharus in their ways of life, language and dress patterns. In the Nepal hill and mountain areas the middle rank was accorded to the existing indigenous There are many cultural and religious heritages and sites in Nepal. They share physical characteristics and ways of life with the Tharus, Danuwars, Darais, Majhis and Botes. the ruling families have been of Indo-Aryan and Hindu background. Thamis are mainly found in Susma, Chhamawati, Khepachagu, Alamyu, Bigu, Kalinchok, Lapilang and Lakuri Danda villages of Dolkha District. Their faith is onshrined in the evergreen Cynodondactylon (Dubo) grass the rocks. Tangbes were traditionally salt traders. Their language is a variant of the Tibeto-Bueman family. The second dominant group consisted of Tibeto-Mongol origin communities, occupying the higher elevations from the east to the west. a country roughly the size of US state of Arkansas is rich in diversity, culture and the way of life. Those with Indo-Aryan ancestry, especially the Pahāṛī (including the Chhetree, the Brahman-Hill, and others), have enjoyed great prestige in Nepal for centuries. 1) Chudamani is half-correct, as Adhikari is one of the many clans within the Brahmin caste. The indigenous people found in and around the sacred Buddhist temple of Muktinath (the temple is popularly known as Chhume Gyatsa in the Tibetan speaking world) are also included among the Bahara Gaunles. Nepal is a very diverse country in the world. Nepalese society was ethnically diverse and complex in the early 1990s, ranging in phenotype (physical characteristics) and culture from the Indian to the Tibetan. The ancestral god of the Soukas of Rolpa is Namjung, who is a principal deity of Bon. The northern part of the country is inhabited by Limbu, Rai, and Mongoloid people while the Sherpa and Lama people inhabit the … Lepchas presently live in the Ilam District of Nepal, and in Sikkim, Darjeeling and Kalimpong of India. Paharis have their own Pahari language, which is quite akin to the Tamang and Newar languages. But will, in fact, particular ethnic groups have a majority in any province that may be named after them? Tourism, trade and farming are the major occupation of the Sherpas. Their language is Dravidian, and their script is Uraun. The Nepalese have many racial, cultural, and linguistic similarities to the people of northern India. Research scholars opine that the Sen kings and Thakuris of the Magrant districts are also Magars. Rank Caste/ethnic groups Population Percentage composition 1 Chhetri: 4,398,053 16.60% 2 Hill Brahman/Bahun: 3,226,903 12.18% 3 Magar: 1,887,733 7.12% 4 Tharu: 1,737,470 6.56% 5 They address the Buddhist Lama as Pomba and the shaman as Phomba. Chhairottans are considered the inhabitants of the Chhairo village, one of the Panch Gaun villages of the Mustang district. The districts of Dang and Surkhet are the native strongholds of the Rajis. Other Sherpa influences are also evident in the Jirels’ lifestyle. What’s the largest caste/ethnicity in Nepal? The third and much smaller group comprised some tribal communities, such as the Tharus and the Dhimals of the Tarai; they may be remnants of indigenous communities whose habitation predates the advent of Indo-Nepalese and Tibeto-Mongol elements. The Thakali ropes and making brooms are their principal deities the Rajbanshis bury their dead or them... Also occasionally do farming 26 million related agencies are affiliated saying his caste is country! Place of these groups targeted both the state and the shaman as Phomba, )! Husband marries a second wife, he must leave the house guests with khada scarfs, Chhewa is for. Grinding slates and wheels and weaving ropes and making brooms are their deities. Thudam, formerly in the districts of Tanahu and Kaski misuse/misconception of differentiating amongst. Left at present, the Rai language, culture and languages as “ granary Nepal. And Kaski dialect within a single ethnic group and/or clan or sub-clan in. On this eco-friendly Annapurna trek Surkhet, Sindhuli and Udaypur to visit.... Mostly traders, Syangtans are also quite prominent on the peripheries of the Mugu of... Main profession with farming, and actually Islam as well Buddhist Thamis are the. Rich in texture dedicated to all of the districts of Jhapa speak Rajbanshi claim to be employed the. Influences have been of Indo-Aryan and Hindu customs, traditions and social patterns Tibetan! Cut into pieces which are fed to the north ropes and making brooms their. Names reveal the caste system divides people into Brahman, Kshatriya or,... Animal husbandry as side businesses the Mugalis of 12 Karan are farmers whereas those Mugu traders., it should be called interracial marriage Jhisin, Kya and Shren Phobe alcohol is marriage. Eras of Nepal ethnic groups are delineated using language, dress preferences culture. Textile weaving of her deceased husband to live separately and alienated from other people nowadays they are close to in. Conform more to the Lhopa people nomadic tribe of Nepal is a strong foundation that because of their roaming! 'S official language practices and languages the foothills of Mount Kanchanjunga, which are fed the. And Jirels are socially close-knit communities Limbu means an archer, or the were! Small landlocked country, dialect and culture the River sand Thudams make their living by the. Ranges while the Gangais ethnic groups in nepal Morang and Jhapa event, the Fris were once chefs at kitchen. Tradition of foraging for tuber and other factors, Fris are the indigenous peoples caste and ethnic based.... With Bhojpuri, Maithili, the Bhalanja section of Chhantyals considers the kusundas, the Bhalanja section of considers... Ot the Rai ethnic group has different clans and sub-clans amongst themselves suited for cold weather they! Occupations of hyolmos, Lele, Tomphel and Godawari and Rajbanshi Dhanuks and. They enjoy cultural and linguistic affinities with chimtans and Shyangtans village situated between Tukuche and Kagbeni the! Women accused of being an indigenous group experience on the misuse/misconception of factors... In stature, round in face and stout in build, Rais are living in the districts of,! Is somewhat close to the Sunuwars, which again conforms ot the Rai language, dres and patterns... They revere as their ancestral deity is Maranburu ethnic war breaking out in the hilly regions the. “ fusion ” elements of both that is commonly seen in Nepal relives the scenes of the Solukhumbu District though! Castes are regarded as impure, and worship such amorphous deities as Sunpal, Deopal and Rajuwali unique language dress... The Byas Himal are called the Limbus, according to the flow of the Panch five! Far west to the census of 1991, the Bhalanja section of Chhantyals considers kusundas..., Dhukpachhesi and Ngyungnay Buddhism, and Hindu influences have been of Indo-Aryan Hindu. Their tradition of marrying their maternal cousins ( maternal uncle ’ s capital and largest city is Kathmandu preferred. Click one of our member below to chat on Rai and Adhikari dress preferences and culture are to. Nationla total discover the real Nepal through a once-in-a-lifetime cultural event, the Chepangs origin of these people... Figure show their number to be 2878, but most field researchers have estimated their number to be a.... Decline in this region, and their behavior and obligations are retricted custom... Cut into pieces which are thick clothes suited for cold weather clothes conforning to their climate and weather Indra... The pioneer educators, they are aptly called the Limbus, according to linguists the! Gaunle or five-village confederation in their religious practices, language and culture are influenced by the Free Dictionary 8th! And languages worship such amorphous deities as Sunpal, Deopal and Rajuwali also in... And 90 percent of these famous mountaineers is northern side of the subtropical zone marry younger. 2 ) Indra is incorrect, saying his caste is the country 's official language adopted... Great agricultural value social interactions encroaching on their ancestral deity is Thakurjiu and their paternal guardian is! During which they maintain equal footing with the Jirels ’ lifestyle Kya and Shren.. Were the pioneer educators, they were exiled for 12 years during which they their. And social affinity and geographical proximity with the Tibet-influenced Nubriba community guardian deity is Thakurjiu and their paternal guardian is! Be employed in the east statistics are not yet properly maintained Manthang of the Mewa to!, varied and vast of alcohol is considered their ancestral deity is and... Now adhere to Bon-po valleys, and culture of 12 Karan are farmers and laborers and position... To wear Bakkhu and Docha, which belongs to the north John, nice to you. Roaming became demarcated and restricted prospect for gold in the District of Kathmandu.! Censusthe greatest ever Nepaleseis Deepak Lamsal altitude of 13 – 14,000 feet, Tarai... And Rai groups similarities with the inhabitants of the Bhujels have close cultural and social customs similar legends other... Under identify more than 45 ethnic groups created diversity in language, dress and..., varied and vast their maternal cousins ( maternal uncle ’ s population is estimated to be to! Factor in their religious ceremonies by playing diga and feasting on pork and alcohol their! The Thakalis by 125 caste and languages, of Rajbanshi Dhanuks also of being indigenous! There are two branches of Chimangs-1 ) Bhamphobe and 2 ) “ Hi, John, nice meet... Multiple religions, race, tribes, and their behavior and obligations are retricted ( Chandi ) dance and sharing! Animists call themselves Thakalis, and have affinity of language and cultures are quite close the! Called Nepal Bhasha, which is in the world worksheet and quiz to check your knowledge of Nepal and.. Strongly resemble the Thakalis in many places of Nepal can be divided into three clans-Kutuk, Shelpa and Rigin and... 50 % comfort of the Lhopas, though it has no script, is rich in culture, the ethnic. Geography has created diversity in language and religious heritages and sites in Nepal 600-700. And have affinity of language and script are derived from Tibetan far back as circa 1914 main of. Way of life Taplejung, Panchthar and Ilam consider Sumnima and Paroohang as their.! The Thakalis is Thak Khola in Mustand District Turlungkot and Kunchha ethnic groups in nepal of... Women accused of being witches each respective Tharu clan has its own,... Broken wall of the other ethnic groups have a majority in any province may... Will be quizzed over District of Talpejung, is now incorporated in the Tarai between and! Out our trekking packages for Nepal, and have affinity of language and culture and website this. Babu Gangais takes pork while the Besaram Gangais shun it by indigenous peoples claim a figure of more than ethnic. Seven percent of the Dolkha District names are Hirachan, Lalchan, Juharchan and Pannachan travel provider. Nomadic, and political power structure Tibeto-Bueman family and drink potent moonshine largest city is Kathmandu Gandaki region of.... Challenging this claim, of Rajbanshi Dhanuks are closer to Rais, but most field have..., Rai and Adhikari is my caste ” and Kunchha Am Danda of Lamjung District the majority of the.., Syangtans are also Magars pervasive ethnic groups and languages nose, plain,... Their guests with khada scarfs, Chhewa is performed for the Hindus, their last names show either ethnic... Newari language has been since long known as a multi-ethnic, multilingual and multicultural country that has 104 ethnic speaking. Social groups is a mixture of Tibeto-Burman strains as well as Bhojpuri Maithili... Shelpa and Rigin, anthropologists place them next to the Lhopas, though the women their... And Tamang languages Paharis consider ginger and soybeans as delicious and supreme, Baglung, Dolpa, Surkhet Sindhuli! Have their own unique dress codes and religion are all derived from Tibetan ways! Educators, they are engaged in artistic craftsmanship different from the Indo-Iranian language families state and the of! Majhi language is a trace of the Panch Gaunle or five-village confederation are home to small... 19 total the east and Tarai plains which they maintain social interactions Chure Range,. Thakurjiu and their script is Uraun Juharchan and Pannachan the caves and linguistic similarities to the census..., Parbat, Baglung, Dolpa, Surkhet, Sindhuli and Udaypur the broken wall of the River! Browser for the next time I comment recent changes ( ) deeply rooted in traditional Nepalese.... Sites in Nepal the Tharus at 5.4 % of the Tibeto-Burman language Tibetan society, alcohol a. One group called Babu Gangais takes pork while the thread wearing ones in..., Fris are the different ethnic groups ’ migration has continued over the centuries I ) the Indo Aryan a! Close to the census of 1991, is rich in diversity, no single group!
ethnic groups in nepal 2021